??ҳ | ???????? | ??վ???? | ????/??????ѡ | ????/??????ѡ | ??????Ѷ | У԰??? | ѧԺ???? | ʦ?ʽ??? | ?????ʴ? | ???????Ͽ? | ѧ????ѯ | ???߱???
ͬѧ¼????9?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??10?ڲ?ʿ?? |  ??11?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??12?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??13?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??14?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??15?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??16?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??17?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??18?ڲ?ʿ??
??ʦ????ְ??ʿ?? ?? ????/????ѧ??ѡ ?? ????

?й?ʽ??Ч???????ص㡢???⼰??չ????

??ʿ??????Ϣ??      2015-03-18      ??Դ????ʦ????ְ??ʿͬѧ??
      ?????߼?顿?ν??ţ????пƼ???ѧ????ѧԺ???ڡ???ʿ?о?????ʦ????ʿ???о?????Ϊ??֯??Ϊ????????Դ??????
??????1979??ʵ?иĸ↑?????????й???ᷢ???˷??츲?صı仯??ȡ???˾?????Ŀ?ijɾ͡??????ձ???20????50~80????ľ????????ȡ????????ȫ???????????????桢??????Ӷ?Ƶȳɹ?????һ??????30????ĸĸ↑???У??ҹ?Ҳȡ????һЩ???????顣???ҹ??Ĺ??????鲢û?еõ??ܺõ??ܽ????????ÿһλ???й????¹????о???ʵ?????????˼?????ʱ?޿̵ظе??й???ҵ???????????Ŵ????????⡣ʲô???й??ɹ??Ĺ??????飿?й????еĹ????ƶȻ???????Щ???⣿?ڽ?????ҵ????ʵ??????????ѧ???о??????У???Щ?????й???ɫ?Ĺ??????ۡ??????;??黹??Ҫѧ???????ҵ??ȥ?ܽᡢ?ƹ㡢??????Ϊ?˻ش????????⣬???߽?Ϲ?ȥ10??????¼?Ч???????о??ɹ????Լ?????ʮ?????ҵ?ṩ??????ѯ??ѧ???????ľ??飬?????й???ɫ?ļ?Ч???????????ܽᣬ???????й?ʽ??Ч??????????ԭ?򣬶Դ??ڵ???????????????????ڴ˻????ϣ?????й?δ???ķ?չ??????˸Ľ??й???ҵ??Ч?????ĶԲߡ?????????ġ??й?ʽ??Ч????????ָ???й???ɫ?ļ?Ч?????????????ţ?????ʷ???Ļ????ƶȵȶ??????ص?Ӱ?죬?й??ļ?Ч???????????????ڻ??ǽ??????????????????Ĺ??ɺ??ص?ġ? ????1???й?ʽ??Ч???????γ? ??????Ч????????????????IJ???Ʒ????ָ?????????ߺ?Ա??Ϊ?˴ﵽ??֯Ŀ?????ȡ???ƶ?Ŀ?ꡢ???ʵ?ʹ?????????????ҵ????????ҵ?????н??????ƶ?δ??ҵ???????ƻ???һϵ???ۺϹ??????ʵ???ϣ???Ч???????ֹ???ʵ??????ҹ??????Ѵ????˼?ǧ?ꡣ???????????ϣ??ҹ????ܴӹ?Ԫ3???;Ϳ?ʼ?ж?????Ա???ķ???ʽ?Ļ??ڼ?Ч?????????????? ??????Ч???????ҹ???Ӧ?ã??ر??????ҹ???ҵ??Ĺ㷺Ӧ?????ڸĸ↑??֮?󡣵?Сƽ???й??ĸ↑?ŵ??????ʦ??????????ʵ˼??????ġ????ܰ?è????è????ס??????Ǻ?è???Ĺ۵㣬?????Ϊ?˱???????ʶ??̬???????𲻱?Ҫ??ͻ???˷??ĸ????????????ٸĽ????̵?һ??ͨ???ᷨ??Ȩ??֮?ƣ??????ȴΪ??Ч???????й???Ӧ???ṩ??ʵ???????? ?????ҹ??ĸĸ↑??ʼ?ڰ???ʡ?????ص?С?ڴ塣1978??ף?Ϊ?˿˷??????????еġ???????????󣬸ô?????Է?ʵ???????а??????ƣ????ܿ?ȡ???˳ɹ???ͬ?꣬ȫ??ũ?忪ʼѧϰС?ڴ?ľ??飬??1980?꣬?????й??????ũ??Բ??????ӵ?????ӭ?ж??⡣??ũ??ĸ?ɹ???Ӱ?죬1981???ҹ???ʼ???׶???????˾????ҵ??λ????????????ơ???????????????ũ???????а???һ??????Ҫ??һ?ֵ?????ҵ??????Ա?Ͷ??????Եļ??????????????ųа??????ҹ???ҵ?Ĵ?????ƹ㣬??׶?Ҳ??ʼ?????֡????磬??ҵ????׷????????棬?԰????????????أ???ҵֻ??????û?????εȡ?Ϊ?˱??ֳа??Ƶ????????Ե??ŵ㣬?˷??а??Ƶ?ȱ?㣬ҲΪ????????????Ȩ???Եȵ?ԭ?򣬹??ڿ?ʼ?Թ?????ҵ??ȡ???ӿ?ѧ?????ijа???????1988?꣬????Ժ?????ˡ?ȫ???????ƹ?ҵ??ҵ?а???Ӫ??????????????????????ļ?ʵ????Ϊ?а??????ҹ???ҵ??Ӧ???ṩ?˷??????ݡ??µijа???Ӫ?????Ʋ?????һ?ֽ?????????Ҳ??һ?ּ?Ч???˷?????ͬ??³???????Ŀ????????ޱ??ʲ?𣬶?Ŀ?????ǡ????????Ч?????ĺ??????ݡ? ??????30????ĸ↑?Ź????У??ر???1994?????????????Ȩ??????Ȩ????ȷ??????ֿ?????????ѧ??16?ַ???֮?󣬹?????ҵ?ӿ????Լ??ĸĸﲽ??????Ч??????Ϊ?ĸ??һ????Ҫ???ݣ?Ҳ?õ????Ϲ??̺????ƣ?Ϊ?ٽ???ҵ?ķ?չ?????˾޴?Ĺ??ס?????????˵???й?30???꾭?øĸ?ijɹ??벻????ҵ?ĸ?ijɹ???????ҵ?ĸ?ijɹ??벻?????????롱?Ĵ????Լ?????ҵ?ڲ?ʵ?м?Ч?????? ?????ڸĸ↑?ŵ?30?????У??ҹ??Ĺ???ѧ?ߺ?ʵ?????????????˴?????????Ƚ?????????ͷ????????磬???ڼ?Ч???????????Ŀ???????ƽ??Ʒֿ????ؼ?ҵ??ָ?귨??ĩλ??̭??360?ȿ??˵ȣ????й??ļ?Ч???????????????й???ҵ?Ҹ??ݵ?Сƽ??????ʯͷ???ӡ???˼???????ĥ?????ģ??????й???ɫ????һЩ???????????ķ????????й?????һ???̶ȵ?ˮ?????????????磬??ͨ?ù?˾?ܲ?Τ?????Ӱ?죬??20????90???ĩ?ڼ??????ͳ????й?????????ҵ???ù?ĩλ??̭?ƣ???Ŀǰ???˻?Ϊ????????Ӫ??ҵ?ܼ??????֮?⣬ĩλ??̭???ںܶ???ҵ???????????٣????????Ҫ????Ϊ?й?????ӹ˼????????????ĩλ??̭???ᳫ?Ĺ???˼?????????ɵġ? ????2???й?ʽ??Ч???????ص? ??????ҵ??һ????Ŀ?????֯????Ч?????Ƕ???ҵ?Ƿ?ﵽĿ???һ?ּ??飬??ˣ???Ч????????ҵ?????ĺ??????ݡ?ŷ???յȷ?????ҵ???ҵ?м?Ч??????һЩ??չ?й??ҵ???ҵҲ?м?Ч?????????ڴˣ??й???ҵ?ļ?Ч???????????ҵ?ļ?Ч??????ʲô???????У???Щ???????ʲô???Լ?Ϊʲô??????Щ??𣿽???ʮ??Ŀ??Ļ??о?????????????????Ļ?ϢϢ??صģ???ͬ?Ĺ????Ļ??????ش????ġ????ݶ??й??????????????(??Ҫ??????)??Ч????ʵ???ĶԱȣ???????Ϊ?й??ļ?Ч?????????????¼?????ɫ?? ????(1)??Ч?????Ļ?????ν??Ч?????Ļ????ǰѼ?Ч???˵?????????????֮?ء???Ч????????ҵ??????һ???????????????Ч????????ҵ??????һ????ϵͳ?????ҹ??൱?????ҵ?ҰѼ?Ч??????????һ??????ұ?Ҫ???????????Ѽ?Ч????????ҵ??????ͬ???????????Կ????ܡ??ڱ??????????й??ļ?ʮ????ҵ?м???û?в????Ӽ?Ч?????ġ??й???ҵ?ļ?Ч?????Ļ???Ҫ??????????4?????棺??Ա???????ʸߡ?????2006??????ȫ??????һ????Ч???˵ĵ??飬????97%?ı????鹫˾?г???ļ?Ч??????ϵ???Ը???????ͬ?????Ľ????Ŀǰ???й?????һ????չ?й??ң?????ˮƽ????ϵͣ???????ü?Ч???˵????????????????й???Ȼ?Ѿ??????˷?????ҵ????С??ڿ???Ƶ?ʸߡ?????????ҵ?У?69%????ҵ??Ա????Ҫ?ǽ?????ȿ??ˣ??????ҹ???31%????ҵ???¶?Ա?????п??ˣ?53%????ҵ??Ա?????м??Ȼ???꿼?ˣ????˵?Ƶ?????Ը??ڹ?????ҵ???ۿ???ָ??ߡ??????????ң???ҵ??Ч?????б?׼??Ŀ??2????ߡ?ǰ????ָ???????????????????¿??Դﵽ?ģ?????????Ӧ????ȡ?ġ?ֻ????????????????????ܹ??ﵽ?ġ????????й????൱????ҵ?Ŀ??˱?׼ȴ?ǰ???????????????????ܴﵽ??Ŀ???????á??ܿ??˽????Ա????Ӱ?????ء?????Ҫ?????ڽ???ķ??ź?ְλ??????2?????档?йضԱ??о??Ľ?????????й???ҵԱ???൱һ???ֵ????룬?????ڰ??????ϵ????????Ի??ڼ?Ч???˽???Ľ??𣬶????????????????ң???ͨԱ??????û?л??ڼ?Ч???˽???Ľ??? ????(2)??????ڹ??̡???Ч??????????Ӣ???performance appraisalһ?ʡ???Ӣ??????У?performance?????н??????˼??Ҳ?й??̵???˼???????ҹ???ҵ????Ч?????ͳ??˽???Ĵ????ʣ???Ч???˱???˻??ڽ???Ŀ??ˡ????磬???ҹ???????ҵ?У??߲??????Ա????Ⱦ?Ӫ?????顢Ӫ????Ա???????????????????Ա???????????????????ɱ??ȿ???ָ?꣬??????Ϊ??Щ??λ?Ĺ??????һ?㶼????ȷ?????ڿ??ˣ?????ҵ?ķ?չӰ??ܴ󡣵??ǣ???ҵ?????????з???Ա?Ŀ???ȴ?󶼲????????⣬???˳???Ĵ?ֺ?ǿ?Ʒֲ???֮?⼸??û???ر?õİ취?????⣬?????Ϻ???˼???Ӱ?죬?ҹ???ҵ???̿??˵Ŀ?ѧ?Ժ?׼ȷ????Խϲ????????ҵ?????У??е??ܶ?????߶?????????????ο?չ???????˷dz???ע?? ????(3)???????ڷ?չ?????ݼ?Ч??????Ŀ?ģ???Ч???˷??????Է?Ϊ????2?֣???????ʽ?ļ?Ч???ˣ???ƫ???ڶԱ?????Ա?????ж??????ۣ?Ȼ????ݸö????????????????????ߵĽ?????Ǩ???Ƹ???ڷ?չ?͵ļ?Ч???ˣ???ƫ???ڶԱ?????Ա?????ж??Ե???ȱ????????????֮????????㣬?Ӷ???һ?????Ա??????֯??ҵ????????֮???????ͼ?Ч?????????ڹ?ȥ?ģ???չ?ͼ?Ч????????????δ??????????2?ֿ??˵??ص㣬ҲΪ?˱??ڼ??䣬???߰??????͵ļ?Ч???˳?Ϊ??????????͡????ѷ?չ?͵ļ?Ч???˳?Ϊ??ָ???Խ??͡????ҹ???ҵ?ļ?Ч??????Ȼ??????ǰ?ߡ??ڱ??߽??еĵ????У???Ա?????м?Ч????????ҵ????50%????????????ҵ??ͬ??????????99%??Ŀǰ?????????й??????󣬹?????ҵ????ʩ?л??ڼ?Ч???˽????ҵ???Ľ??ƻ??? ????(4)??Ч????????ҵ??ս???ѽڡ???Ч?????е??????ã???ˣ???????ҵ??ս?????Ļ???????ء?????????????????ҵӦ???????ƶ???ҵ??ս?Ժ??Ļ???Ȼ????ѡ????֮??ƥ??ļ?Ч???????????????ҹ??ļ?Ч??????Ҫ?Ǵ?ʵ???в????ģ???ˣ???ͷʹҽͷ????ʹҽ?š??ĺۼ????أ???Ч???˾?????????Ϊ??ʮ???豭?Ÿ??ǡ??????????˺?«??????ư???????磬ƽ??Ʒֿ?????Ϊ?????20????????????Ӱ??Ĺ?????????????????һ?ּ?Ч??????????????һ??ս?Թ????ķ???????????500ǿ????ҵ?У??г???300????ҵ????ƽ??Ʒֿ????м?Ч??????ƽ??Ʒֿ???Ȼ???ҹ?Ҳ?????ѧ?ߺ͹???ʵ???Ҵ????ƹ㣬???ݱ??ߵĵ??飬ʹ??ƽ??Ʒֿ??????ﵽԤ??Ч??????ҵ???٣??????ͬ?ҹ???Ч????????ˮƽ?Ƚ?????й??⣬??Ч????????ҵ??ս???ѽ?Ҳ?Ǹù?????ʽ???ҹ????Եõ??????ƹ????Ҫԭ?? ????3???й?ʽ??Ч??????ԭ????? ???????????龰?????ġ??й?ʽ??Ч?????IJ??????й??ĸ↑??֮???????Ļ?????????صġ???????Ϊ???й?ʽ??Ч?????IJ?????Ҫ???????¼????????ԭ?? ????(1)????ԭ?򡡱?????Ϊ?й?ʽ??Ч?????????ĵ?1??ԭ???ǶԵ?Сƽ?ĸ?˼?????⡣???Ļ??????֮ǰ??Ϊ?˱????뼫??չ˼?????ͻ????Сƽ????????ܰ?è????è????ס??????Ǻ?è???Ĺ۵㡣???Ļ??????????ʱ???????Ƿ??ָ??˽?30????????????ڶ?????ʱ????Сƽ?ġ?è?ۡ?ȷʵ????????????1989?ꡰ???ġ????η粨???й??ĸĸ↑?Ŵ???ͣ??״̬????ˣ???Сƽ??1992?????Ѳ?????????????Ҫ???????????ʵ????⡣????˼??????????ġ?è?ۡ???????ͬ??֮?????????ʵ˼??;???????֡???Ҫ??Ϊ?˱???????ʶ??̬???򲻱?Ҫ?????飬????Ӱ?쵽?й??ĸĸ??֣??????Ǻ??Թ??̡???Сƽ???????4????֣?ʵ???Ͽ??Կ????????Ըĸ???̵?Ҫ?󡣵????ҹ?һЩ??ҵ?????????Сƽ????仰ʱ?ͱ???ˡ?ֻ?ܽ???????ܹ??̡?????????ǹ??̵???ü??顱????????Ϊ?˴ﵽĿ?ģ????Բ????ֶΡ??? ????(2)?ƶ?ԭ???ڸĸ↑??֮?????ҹ??????????ҵ???ر??ǹ?????ҵ????ҵ??λ?С????????ʢ?У???ʩ?С??Ͷ?ƽ????????ϵ???ĸ↑??֮????ҵ????һ????????Ȩ????һ???????????????????????Ա?????ڷ?????Щ?????ʱ????ҵ?????ȡƽ??????ķ?ʽ??????ʵ????һ???µġ?????????????????ڵ???Ա???Ļ????ԡ????ǣ?????ҵ?Ͳ??÷??ֺ??????ʽ?????÷?ʽ??????????Ա?????쵼???Լ?Ա????Ա?????ì?ܡ??????ҵ??ʼ???ڼ?Ч???˽???????佱??Ӧ??˵??????Ч?????????佱???ܸ??õ????ֶ??Ͷ?õ???????????ԭ?򣬳??׽??????????ҵ?????ġ??ɶ????һ???????????⣬???ҹ???ҵ??????һ??????????????ڼ?Ч???˽????Ա?????????ϸ?ҹ???ʹ???й???ҵ?ļ?Ч???˱????һ??????ʽ?ļ?Ч???˶????Ƿ?չ?͵ļ?Ч???ˡ????ڼ?Ч???˶?Ա????????Ӱ??ܴ????Լ?Ч?????Ļ????γ??????Ʋ??????????á? ????(3)?Ļ?ԭ???л???????????ص??Ļ?????ˣ??й?ʽ??Ч???????γ????й??Ļ?Ҳ????????????????Ϊ????????2???й??Ļ?Ӱ?????й?ʽ??Ч???????γɣ??١??????ܿܡ??Ļ????ϸ?˵?????????????ܿܡ??????й????У?????Ҳ?С???ʷ??ʤ??????д?ġ??????ԡ?????ͬ???ҶԽ??(?ɹ?)?????ӳ̶????в??ġ????磬??ǰ??ŷ??????????Ⱦ͸?????????????????????????ijɹ?????ѻƬս?????л????񹲺͹?????ǰ??100???꣬??ƶ???????й?һֱ??????ǿ?????裬??????Ҫ??????ÿ???й??˶????????¡????й?????֮???????????ˮƽ??߻???????????????£??ĸ↑??֮??????׷?????Ķ????͸?ǿһЩ???ԡ??????ܿܡ????Ļ?Ҳ???׽??ܡ??????Ļ???ӳ?ڼ?Ч?????Ͼ??ǡ????????һ?С???????Ч???ϡ????ڡ??Ϻ??ˡ??Ļ????????о??????֣??й??˾???һ?֡?Ȧ?ӡ??Ļ???????ϵ???Ļ????????Ļ??Ĵ???ʹ?ð???Ϊ???˽??п???ʱ???йؽ?????ܵ????ص?Ť???????磬???ҹ???????ҵ???ô?ַ???Ա??????????ʱ???൱??Ŀ????߸????????֣???Ȼ???????????????????dz??????????Ϻ??ˡ??Ļ??Ĵ???ʹ????????ҵ?ļ?Ч???˱?ĩ???ã????˹??????ʵIJ????Ƭ??׷?󡰿͹?ָ?ꡱ???ˡ? ????(4)????ԭ???ڹ?ȥ??30?????У???Ȼ?й?????ҵ????ѧϰ???????????Ƚ?????ҵ???????飬?й??ĸ???ѧҲ???ཫEMBA??MBA??ú???𣬵????ɷ??ϵ???ʵ???й???ҵ?ڲ??Ĺ???ˮƽ???廹?Ƚϵͣ??Դ??ڴַ??͵Ĺ????׶λ?Ӵַ??͹?????Լ?͹??????ɵĽ׶Ρ??й?ʽ??Ч?????IJ??????й??Ĺ?????״Ҳ?ܲ??ɷ֡??????ڵ????з??֣????൱?????ҵ??????Ҳ??ʶ???ڿ?????ֻ???ؽ???????ع??̵????⣬Ҳ??ʶ??ƽ??Ʒֿ?????ҵ?ij?Զ??չ???????棬????ʵ?ʼ?Ч??????ȴ??ƫ???ڽ????һ????Ҫ??ԭ?????ڹ??̹???????ҵ???ڲ?????Ҫ??ϸߣ?Ŀǰ?ܶ???ҵ?Ĺ???ˮƽ???Ƚ?????޷??Թ??????̽??бȽϿ?ѧ?????????ˡ????⣬??һ??ԭ??????ҵ?쵼???ڼ?Ч??????Ͷ???ʱ??;??????ޡ??ڸĸ↑?ŵĹ????У??ҹ???ҵ???쵼?˴󶼲????????ż?Ч???????⣬???????????????⡢?г????⡢??????ϵ???????????⡣ֻ?ؽ?????ع??̿ɴ???????ҵ?쵼???ڼ?Ч?????????ĵ?ʱ??;????????⣬?ҹ???ҵ?ļ?Ч??????ս???ѽ???һ???̶???Ҳ???ҹ????á????Ρ????????صı仯̫???йء??????ⲿ?????仯̫?죬??ҵ?????ƶ??г???ս?Թ滮??Ҳ?????ƻ?????仯????ȱ??ս?Թ?????֧?ţ???Ч????ֻ?ܱ?????????ճ??Ĺ??????⣬?޷?????ҵ??ս???ṩ?????? ????4???й?ʽ??Ч?????????? ?????????κ????ﶼ????????һ?????й?ʽ??Ч????Ҳ??һ??˫?н?????ȷ??ʶ?й?ʽ??Ч?????????ף??ر??????ѵ???ʶ?й?ʽ??Ч???????ڵ????⣬????????й???ҵδ???ļ?Ч????ˮƽ?Ǵ???????ġ? ?????ĸ↑?????????ҹ???GDP?????9%???ҵ??ٶ????ӣ??????й??????????ʷ?϶??Ǻ????ġ?????????й???????????ȷ?쵼???Լ????ͺ??ǻ۵??й?????ͬŬ???⣬Ҳ?а??????ü?Ч?????ȹ???????ͷ????????á????û?м?Ч????????Ӧ?й???ɫ??????????Ӧ?ã??й?Ҳ????????ȡ?õ?????????????Ŀ?ijɾ͡?ͬ???ģ?????????й?ʽ??Ч???????????й?δ???ĸĸ?ͷ?չ?????Ͳ??ɳ???????ǰ??ŷծΣ???dz????أ???????ԭ??Ҳ??˵??硣???һЩ???ң???ϣ??????????????????ȹ??ҵ?Ա????????????ɢҲ???ܲ?˵??һ????Ҫ??ԭ???????Щ???ҵ???ҵҲ?????й?ʽ??Ч???ˣ???????????һ??????? ???????????о????????ɱ?н??????ڲ???н???ܸ??õص???Ա???Ļ????ԣ???ʹ???ձ????????깦????Ϊ??ҵ??????ʯ?Ĺ???Ҳ?ھ????ƹ?ɱ?н?ꡣ????ᷢչˮƽ???????Ļ????ĸ?????????ۺ????ص?Ӱ?죬?ɱ?н??????????????ҵ??ƹ?????ޣ??????й????ɱ?н??ȴ?????????á???????Ϊ?????????ÿɱ?н?????й??ĸ?ɹ??ľ??衣??ʵ?ϣ??????ǰ???С?ڴ???????а??ƻ????׶???????˾??????????ƣ??ڱ????϶????ڿɱ?н??ķ??롣?ɱ?н??ķ?????Ҫ??Ч??????֧?ţ?????ͻ??ɸ??ӹ??ʻ򷢺????ǰ?߲???????????Ա???Ļ????ԣ????߻?????ܶ??µ?ì?ܣ????й?ʽ??Ч????Ϊ?ɱ?н??ķ????ṩ?˿͹????ݣ???????ҵ??ӭ??
???༭????ʦ????ְ??ʿͬѧ????
??һƪ??
?ߵȽ?????????????Ԫ????????????״????ʾ???  2015-03-18
??һƪ??
???ɱ???????ѧ˶ʿ??ʿ????????????ѧǩ֤??  2017-08-14
 
  ????????????
  ??վ֪ͨ????
  ??ְ??ʿ?????ʴ?
  ????/????ѧ??ѡ
  ????/????ѧ??ѡ