??ҳ | ???????? | ??վ???? | ????/??????ѡ | ????/??????ѡ | ??????Ѷ | У԰??? | ѧԺ???? | ʦ?ʽ??? | ?????ʴ? | ???????Ͽ? | ѧ????ѯ | ???߱???
ͬѧ¼????9?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??10?ڲ?ʿ?? |  ??11?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??12?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??13?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??14?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??15?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??16?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??17?ڲ?ʿ?? | ??18?ڲ?ʿ??
??ʦ????ְ??ʿ?? ?? ????/????ѧ???? ?? ????

?ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ??????????????????ĸ?

??ʿ??????Ϣ??      2014-08-24      ??Դ??????????????
??????????Ҫ???ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????ƴ??ڵ???????Ҫ?У??߶ȼ?Ȩ?Ĺ????׶ˣ??ܰ??һ??????ȱ?ݣ?????ָ?Ĺ??????ݣ???????Դ?г????õ????????ų⣬??????ĵ?????ȱλ???????ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????ƣ?Ӧ?᳹??ͳ????????ԭ?򣬽????粿?ŵ?ͳ??Э????֯???????ӿ?ְ??ת?䣬ʵ??????????ģʽ???£???һ????????Ȩ????ʵ??ѧ?????ķ??˵?λ???ƽ???У?ֿ???ʵ?ֹܰ????????Ƹĸ?????г???Դ???õĻ????????ã???????˸ߵȽ????н???֯??Ӧ?Ĺ???ְ?ܡ? ?????? ?? ?ʣ????˸ߵȽ??? ??ѧ???? ???????? ???? ?ĸ?Բ? ???????߼?飺?ι?ȫ(1968?? )???У??Ĵ??????ˣ??Ĵ?ʦ????ѧ????????ѧԺ???ڣ?˶ʿ????ʦ????ʿ????Ҫ???³??˽?????ְҵ??ѵ???ֵ????й??????ĸ??о??????Ե?(1949?? )???У?ɽ???????ˣ?????ʦ????ѧְҵ????˽???ѧԺ???ڣ?˶ʿ????ʦ?? ???????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ??????????????ָ??ϵ???ij??˸ߵȽ?????????֯?ƶȣ??????ڳ??˸ߵȽ?????ҵ?Ļ??????á???????ϵ??ְ??Ȩ?滮?ֵ??ƶȵ??ܳơ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????ƣ??Ȱ?????۲????????????????˰?ѧ??????Ҫ??֮????໥??ϵ??????֯???з?ʽ??Ҳ????΢?۲?????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????ڲ????????ơ??ĸ↑??????????????????Ƹĸ?IJ???????ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ????????????Ҳ?õ???һ???̶ȵĵ????͸??ƣ?????????????????????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ?????ڹ????????ϻ?????????뾭?á???ᷢչ??????Ӧ??????ͱ׶ˣ???Ҫͨ????һ????ĸ???Խ???? ????һ???ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????ƴ??ڵ???Ҫ???? ????1.?߶ȼ?Ȩ?Ĺ????׶? ?????߶ȼ?Ȩ?ǹ?ȥ?ҹ??ߵȽ??????????Ƶ?ͻ??????֮һ???????߶ȼ?Ȩ??????????????????Χ???????????????ϸ???󵽺???????ƶ???С??΢???????????????????????಻?ù?Ҳ?ܲ??õ????顣???˸ߵȽ?????ѧ??????Ϊ???????˵ĵ?λ??δ?õ???????ʵ????ѧ?????Ļ?????ѧ????Ȩ??Ʃ???ѧ?滮Ȩ???????ƻ?Ȩ??ѧ??רҵ?????????Ȩ??????????????ѧ???Ե???ƾ???ţ???Щ??Ӧ???ڳ??˸ߵȽ?????ѧ????????????????????????????????Ż??????????????????Ӷ????°?ѧ?????ڰ?ѧ?滮??ѧ?Ƶ?????רҵ???õȷ????޷???ʱ??Ч????Ӧʱ???????ı仯???????????г???Ӧ?????;????????? ????2.?ܰ??һ??????ȱ?? ?????ܰ??һ???ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ?????????????ϵľ?????֣?һ????Уְ???壬?????????????౾???ڰ?ѧ??????Ȩ??????????????Ĺܰ?Ȩ???غϺ???У??ɫ?ص???????????????ֱ??Ͷ?ʾٰ첢???????˸ߵȽ????????????Լ???Ͻ?IJ??š???ҵϵͳ??Ͷ?ʽ?????????ʽ?ġ???ѵ???ġ???????ѵ???ء??ȣ?¢?ϲ??š???ҵ??ϵͳ?ļ?????????ѵ???γ??????????ź???Щ?????????????塣??????ͨ?ߵ?ѧУ?ڲ??ij??˽???????(???˽???ѧԺ?????????ѧԺ)?ȳе?ѧУ???????˽?????????ְ?ܣ????dz??˽????İ?ѧʵ?壬???Dz???Ա???????˶?Ա???γ??˰?ѧ?????ڲ??Ĺܰ?һ??ģʽ???ڹܰ??һ?Ĺ????????£????????ܲ??ż??ٰ?Ȩ??????Ȩ?;?ӪȨΪһ?壬ʹ??ѧ??????Ϊ???????????ܲ??ŵĸ?????????ɥʧ????????ѧ?ļ??????ƣ?ȱ???????ͷ??ճе????ơ????????Ŷ???ҵ??ϵͳ??????????¢?ϣ??????ƻ??˳??˸ߵȽ????г??Ĺ?ƽ???????????˳??˸ߵȽ?????Դ???Ż????ö??Ҽ??׵??³??˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????½??? ????3.????ָ?Ĺ??????? ????????ָ?Ĺ??????????ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ??????????Ҳ?Ƚ?ͻ???????????????????ܲ????????????˸ߵ?ѧ?????????????ƻ???????ѧ?????????ճ???ѧ??????????Զ?̽??????????ߵȽ?????ѧ???ԵĹ????Լ????˸ߵȽ????ļ???װ???ȣ??ͷ????ڼ???˾?????ĸ??𡣴ӵط??????????????????????˸ߵȽ????Ĺ???ְ??Ҳ??Ӧ?ر??ֽ⵽?ط??а졢?Կ??졢????????չ?滮?????̴߽???ѧ??????ѧλ??ȶ?????š??Ӿ???İ?ѧ?????????????˽????????????????????????ְҵ????????ѵ??????Ҳ????ɽͷ?????ľ??档???˸ߵȽ?????????????ָ???׵??¸???Ϊ???????????????᣻??????ɰ?ѧ??Դ?˷ѡ?????Ч?ʽ??ͣ??????˳??˸ߵȽ???????Դͳ?????Э???????ѣ?????˸?????????????????ν??????ͨ???????ڴ????ѧϰ???????š??? ????4.??????Դ?г????õ????????ų? ?????ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????Դ?г????????????ų????Ҫ???֣?һ?ǽ?????Դ???üƻ???????????ӡ???ԡ????˸ߵȽ?????Դ?Ĺ?????????????ܲ??ŵĸ߶ȿ??ƺ?Լ????????????ȫ????ͳһ??ѧ???ԡ??????ƻ???????ָ??ȼƻ??ֶΣ?ʵ?ֶԳ??˸ߵȽ?????Դ(?ر??ǹ???ߵ?ԺУ??Դ)??¢?ϣ????ֳ???ǿ?ļƻ????????ƹ???ɫ?ʡ???????Դ??????????????ϴ󣬹?????˸ߵȽ?????????????ѧ????????Դ??????ȱ????ƽ????Ч?????Ļ???????ơ?һ???棬??????˸ߵ?ԺУ??ȱ????Ч?ල??????֮?£???ʳ???ǡ?ȱ?????½?ȡ??ʶ?ͷ??????Ķ???????????????????Ż???????Դ????һ???棬????ѧ?????????ٽϸ?׼???ż??????????淶?????񲻵?λ?Ȳ???ƽ?????淢չ????????֮?????˸ߵȽ?????Դ???õ?????¢???Լ?????????Ľϴ????γ???Ŀǰ?ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????Դ???û????Ļ??????????г???????ƽ?Ժ;????Ծ????ڽϵ?ˮƽ?? ????5.??????ĵ?????ȱλ ?????????????????ҹ?????????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????????𲽽׶Σ?????????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ?????????ķ?Χ???̶???ˮƽ???д???ߣ???????????????????򻹴?????ȱλ?????????????????????ϰ????д???һ????????????????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ????????????????Ҫ???֣?һ????????Ȩ???????????????????ƶȺͻ??Ʋ???ȫ?????ǰ?ѧ?????????˫????????Ȳ???????????Ϊ??Ҫ?????ĵ?????????ij??˸ߵȽ????н???֯?????ͺ? ?????????????ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????Ƶ????ɽ??? ????1.?᳹??ͳ????????ԭ?򣬽????粿?ŵ?ͳ??Э????֯???? ???????ȣ????ڳ??˽????㷺????͸?????????ĸ????????????ľ??á????Ρ??Ļ????Ƽ???ҵ???ܽ????һ?𣬵?һ?Ľ????????????޷?ʵ?ֶ?ȫ?????˽?????ҵ??ͳ??滮???ۺ?Э???ͺ?۵??أ?????б?Ҫ????????????????һ??????ϸߵ??ۺ??Եij??˽?????????????????ȫ???ij??˽?????ҵ??ͳ??滮???ۺ?Э???ͺ?۵??ء????????????ȫ???͵ط????˸ߵȽ?????ҵ????ͳ??滮?ͺ?۹?????ְ??????޶ȵر??????ڹ?????????????????Ϊ??????????????ɵij?Ƥ???ںġ???Σ??û???????Ҫְ??Ӧ???????¼??????棺һ?Ǹ????ͬ?йز???ͳ??滮???ۺ?Э????????˸ߵȽ????????????鲢?ƶ??ƶ??йس??˸ߵȽ????ķ??롢???ߡ????档???DZ???ָ???Եij??˸ߵȽ?????ҵ??չ?Ĺ滮???о???ȷ?????˸ߵȽ?????ҵ??չ?Ĺ?ģ???ٶȡ????֡?ս???ص?ȡ?????ָ????Э?????ල???˸ߵȽ??????롢???ߡ????ɡ??????Լ???չ?滮??ʵ?֡?????ָ?????˸ߵȽ?????ҵ?ĸĸ????Ϊ???˸ߵȽ?????չ?ṩ???ߡ???Ϣ????ѯ???? ????2.?ӿ?ְ??ת?䣬ʵ??????????ģʽ???? ????????????????г????????ƵIJ??????ƣ???ͳ?ij??˸ߵȽ?????ѧ????????????ְ?ܶ?λ??????ģʽ????Խ??Խ?Ͼ?????ս????ˣ?????ӿ?????ְ??ת?䣬̽???ʹ??³??˸ߵȽ?????۹???ģʽ?? ???????ȣ?Ӧ??΢?۸?Ԥת???۵??ء?һ?Ǵӳ??˸ߵȽ?????ѧ??????Ϊ?????ķ???ʵ????????????ְ?ܵ?ת??Ҫ????????ͳ??滮????۹???????ѧ?????????????????ѧ?ĺ?۹??????ơ????????????¡???????????ʵ?ִ?΢?۸?Ԥ????۵??ء?????Ӧ???ױ?????ȥ????????????޾?ϸ?Ĺ?????ʽ???ֶΣ????¹???Ĺ?????????????????????ʵ?ֹ???ģʽ?Ĵ??¡? ??????Σ?????Ȩ????ת??????????????һ???̶???˵??????????г????????ƽ????????ƵĹ??̣?Ҳ???????????????????Ȩ??ת???????????ֶ???????ת????̡????ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????ԣ????Ҫ??????????ӹ?ȥ??Ҫ????????Ȩ??????Ҫ???????ɷ????????????˸ߵȽ????İ?ѧ????Ͱ?ѧ??????????????????Ȩ??????????????????????????????????ʵ??ѧ?????ķ??˵?λ???????????ڶž?????????????????ŵ?Խλ??ԽȨ?????ڳ??˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????ԣ?????Ȩ??????????????????????Ҫ?????????ץ???ƶ?????????ط??ɷ??棬??????޷????????Ĺ淶??գ?????Ϊ??Ҫ????Ҫ???з?????????????????ʵ?ַ???Ϊ??ѧ???????????񡱡? ?????ٴΣ???ֱ?ӹ???ת???ӹ???????ֱ?ӹ??????ӹ???ת?????ҹ????????????Ƹĸ????Ҫָ??ԭ?򡣡??????г??ڽ????ĸ?ͷ?չ?滮??Ҫ(2010??2020??)??ǿ??????????Ҫ?ı?ֱ?ӹ???ѧУ?ĵ?һ??ʽ???ۺ?Ӧ????????????滮????Ϣ????????ָ???ͱ?Ҫ????????ʩ?????ٲ???Ҫ????????Ԥ???ͳ??˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????ԣ??????????ͽ??????ܲ??Ŵ?ֱ?ӹ??????ӹ???ת?䣬????Ҫ?ɹ?ȥ??????????????ʽת????Ҫͨ?????ɷ????ֶ??????й?????Ҫ?ɹ?ȥ??Ҫ?????????ȼ???ϵ??Ȩ????????ʽת????Ҫ????????Ͷ??Ȳ????ֶ??????й?????Ҫ?ɹ?ȥ???޾?ϸ?Ĺ??????ǿ???˸ߵȽ?????ͳһ?滮?????????????˸ߵȽ???????????????չת?䣻Ҫ?ɹ?ȥ???????????????????ǿ?Գ??˸ߵȽ?????ѧ??????????ָ??????Ϣ????ת?䡣 ????3.??һ????????Ȩ????ʵ??ѧ?????ķ??˵?λ ??????????Ȩ????ָ????????Ӧ????ѧ??????Ȩ???·Ÿ???ѧ????????????ʵ??ѧ?????ķ??˵?λ?Ͱ?ѧ????Ȩ???Խ?һ????????ѧ???????ڲ??????????????г??ڽ????ĸ?ͷ?չ?滮??Ҫ(2010??2020??)????ȷǿ?????????䲿??Ҫ????????ѧУ?????ʹ??ѧ????Ȩ?ͳе???Ӧ???Ρ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????Ȩ???????????߸????棺һ?????????ú͵???ѧ?ơ?רҵ??Ȩ?????????????ƶ???ѧ?滮????֯ʵʩ??Ȩ???????????????ý?ѧ?????С???????????????Ȩ??????????????չ??ѧ?????ѧ?о????????????????????Ȩ????????????ȷ???ڲ?????????Ȩ???????????¹???Ȩ??????????????ʹ???˲ŵ?Ȩ?????????ʲ??;??ѹ???Ȩ??????????????ʹ??ѧУ?Ʋ??;??ѵ?Ȩ????ֻ?н???Щ??????ĺͱ?Ӧ???ڰ?ѧ??????Ȩ??????򽻻?????ѧ????????????????ʵ??ѧ?????ķ??˵?λ??Ҳ???ܹ????????ϰ?ѧ??????ѧ?????ԡ?ֻ?н?һ????????Ȩ??????ʹ??ѧ??????????Ϊ?????????????ѧ?ķ???ʵ?壬???𲽽???????????Ӧ???ý??????ᷢչ??Ҫ?????ҷ?չ??????Լ???????л??ơ? ????4.?ƽ???У?ֿ???ʵ?ֹܰ????????Ƹĸ? ?????ӽ????????????Ƕȶ??ԣ??ܰ????ĺ?????ָ???????????????????ѧ?????ڼ????ٰ????????????ϵ???ʶȷֿ???ʩ???ܺ͡????????г??ڽ????ĸ?ͷ?չ?滮??Ҫ(2010??2020??)??ǿ?????????Ź?????ҵ??λ????ĸ??ƽ???Ҫ̽??????????ѧУ?ص?Ĺ????ƶȺ????????ߣ??˷???????????ȡ??ʵ?ʴ??ڵ????????????????????ģʽ??Ϊ????Ӧ???????????????Ƹĸ?Ҫ??Ҫ??ȷ????????Ȩ?޺?ְ????ȷ????????ѧУ??ѧȨ???????Ρ?????Ϊ????Ӧ?й??????ʱ??Ҫ??Ҫ??????????ѧ?????????????????ල??????????ִ?ѧУ?ƶȣ???????????ѧУ?????֮?????͹?ϵ????????˵??????????ָ?????ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ????????????δ???ĸ????Ҫ???? ???????˸ߵȽ?????У?ֿ????ܰ?????·????һ??ʵ?????????ѧ??????ϵ???ع??????ȣ????????ܲ???Ҫ?ı?????????ģʽ?????Լ???ְ????Ҫ??λ?ڡ??ܡ????ܺá?Ӧ?ùܺá??????顣Ʃ?磬?????Գ??˸ߵȽ?????ҵ??ͳ??Э??????֯???ƶ????˸ߵȽ????ķ??롢???ߺͷ??棻?ƶ?????ѧУ???ñ?׼???ƶ????˸ߵȽ?????ҵ??չ?滮???𲽽???֧?ֳ??˸ߵȽ????ĸ??뷢չ?ķ?????ϵ??Ϊ??ѧ????Ӫ?칫ƽ???????????????г????????????淶??ѧ??Ϊ????֯?԰?ѧ?????????????????????ȵȡ???Σ????????ѧ??????ϵ???ع??????ڹ???Ȩ??????Ȩ??ලȨ?ķ??롣????У?ֿ????ܰ???롱????????ʵ????ҪȨ?????ʵ??????Լ??ɴ˲??????ƺ???Ƶ???Լ?????????Ĺ???Ȩ????ѧ?????İ?ѧ????Ȩ?Ͱ?ѧ?????ļලȨ?????ʶȷ????Լ???Ӧ???ƺ???ơ??????ƺ???Ʋ?????ǰ???????????????ŵġ???Ȩ???͡???Ȩ??????ν????Ȩ????ָ?ѹ?ȥ????????һ???ġ??ܡ??졢??????Ȩ???????ֽ?Ϊ???ܡ?(????)?????족(ѧУ)????????(???)????Զ???????ν????Ȩ???ǰ??????????ùܡ??????ܲ??á????????·Ÿ?ѧУ??????н???֯?? ????????ʵ?ֹٰ?????????????????룬??Ӧ?????????????žٰ쾭Ӫ?ĸ??ֳ??˸ߵȽ???????ѵ???ء???????ѵ???ġ??ȴ?????????????ȫ?????????ʵ?ֳ??˸ߵȽ?????ѧʵ???????????ŵij??????룬?ж?????????????˸ߵȽ?????ѵ???????????????????????˸ߵȽ?????ѧʵ???????????ŵ????????????????????ij??˸ߵȽ?????ѵ?????еĿ??Գ?Ϊ??ȫ?????ϵ???????Ӫ???Ը?ӯ???İ?ѧʵ?壬?еĿ??Ժϲ?????س??˸ߵȽ?????ѧ?????????˸ߵȽ?????ѵ?????????????룬???????Ƴ????˸ߵȽ????г???չ?е????????ݣ??????ڽ??????˸ߵȽ?????ƽ???????г????????????ڳ??˸ߵȽ?????Դ???Ż????á? ???????ǽ?????ͨ??У???˸ߵȽ????Ĺܰ??????????ơ????????Ŀǰ??ͨ??У????(????)????ѧԺ???ǹ????????ǰ?ѧ?ߵĹ?????֣?ʵ?ֹ????????ͽ?ѧ?????ķ??롣Ŀǰ?ҹ??????????ͨ??У?ij???(????)????ѧԺ?????Ǹ?????ʽ???˸ߵȽ???(???????ڡ?ҵ???????????Զ?̽???????ͨ??У??ѧ???ԡ???λ??ѵ??)?Ĺ????ߣ???????ؽ?ѧ?????ʵʩ?ߺͽ?ѧ?????ļ???ߡ?Ҳ????˵?????ܡ??졢??????һ????????????????????ͨ??У???˸ߵȽ????????еõ??˸??ơ?????(????)????ѧԺ???ǹ????????ǰ?ѧ?ߣ????ؽ?ɫ???ݼ???һ??????????????Ч????Ժϵ?Ȱ?ѧ?????Ļ????ԣ?????Ҳ??????ʵ?ֶ԰?ѧ???????????ල????ˣ?Ӧ????ͨ??У????ר?ŵij??˽???????????????????(????)????????????????ѧУ????ͳ??ѧУ??????ʽ?ij??˽?????Դ????????֤?о?У?ڳ??˽??????????ߣ??ƶ?ѧУ???˽????ķ?չ?滮??Э??У?ڸ????˽?????ѧʵ??֮??Ĺ?ϵ???ල????ѧʵ????˽????İ?ѧ??Ϊ?????????ֳ??˽?????ѧ???????ȡ?ԭ?еij???(????)????ѧԺ??????Ժϵһ????Ϊ??Զ?????У?ڳ??˽?????ѧʵ?壬????ѧʵ?巢?Ӹ??????ƣ??ڳ??˽???????ͳһ?????£???չ???˸ߵȽ????????? ????5.?????г???Դ???õĻ????????? ?????ҹ??г????????ƵĽ????Լ???Ԫ?????ø?ֵ??γɣ??ڿ͹???Ϊ?ߵȽ?????Դ???г?????ģʽ?ṩ??֧?Ż??????????г????õĻ????????ã??????ڴ????ҹ???????˸ߵȽ????ر?????ͨ??У???˸ߵȽ???һ֦????ľ??棻?????????????˸ߵȽ?????Դ???õ????Ʋ??????????𣬴Ӷ????????????Ͷ?ʳ??˸ߵȽ??????????ѧ????????˸ߵȽ?????Դ?????Ƴ??˸ߵȽ????Ľṹ?Ͳ??֣??????ڴٽ????˸ߵȽ?????Դ???õĿ?ѧ????Ч?ʻ??????????????ٽ??????һ??ۡ???????ֵ?????ҷ?չ??ʵ??Ч?????󻯡? ????Ϊ?˽?һ???Ż??ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????Դ???ã????ȱ??뽨????ѧ???????ij??˸ߵȽ???????Ͷ??ͳɱ??ֵ????ơ?һ??????Ӧ?е?????Ϊ???????????ҪͶ???ߵ????Σ????Ӻͼ?ǿ?Գ??˸ߵȽ?????Ͷ?롣?????????ҹ???????????ְҵ??ѵְ?ܵ?????͹?ԣ?????Ӧ??ȫ??ط??ɷ??棬?ڽ???????ҵ?????˼?????????ְҵ??ѵ?????ƶȵĻ????ϣ???????ҵ??λ?͸???Ӧ?óе??ĺ??????????????Ĺ涨??????????Ӧͨ????????˰??;????????ҵ???ս???˰?????????Ӷ??λ???ձ?ҵ??˰?????????õ???ҵ?????ƶȣ???????ҵͨ??????Ͷ?ʳ??˸ߵȽ????? ??????Σ?????֧???????????????˸ߵȽ????????????г??ڽ????ĸ?ͷ?չ?滮??Ҫ(2010??2020??)??ǿ?????ҹ??ߵȽ?????ѧ???????Ƹĸ?Ӧ??ȫ???????????????롢??ѧ?????Ԫ????ѧ??ʽ???????????????????İ?ѧ???ƣ??γ?????????ѧΪ???塢ȫ?????????롢?????????????????ͬ??չ?ĸ?֡?????֧???????????????˸ߵȽ?????????ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????Ƹĸ?Ĺؼ?????һ????????˵???ҹ????˸ߵȽ??????Ƹĸ??????ָ????ǰ?ѧ???Ƹĸ??ѧ???Ƹĸ???????????ڲ?ͬҵ???š???ͬ?????????Ĺ???Ȩ?ĸ?????????Ҫ??Ŀ???ǻ???ȫ???Գ??˸ߵȽ????Ĺ?ע???԰?ѧ?IJ??룬?????Ԫ???İ?ѧ???ƣ??????ܵ????????????ԸߵȽ????????? ?????ٴΣ??????????ƾ????Եij??˸ߵȽ????г???Ҫ?ı?Ŀǰ?ҹ????˸ߵȽ?????Դ?????ƻ?????ģʽ??ͻ???׶??Լ???????˸?Уһ֦????ľ??棬????????????????ƾ????Եij??˸ߵȽ????г??????Բ?ȡ?ĶԲ߰?????һ?ǻ????ٽ???????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ???????????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ????֮??ļ沢?????飬֧?ֺʹٽ????˸ߵȽ?????Դ?ĺ??????????Ż???ϡ????ǵ?????????˸?У???????˸?У֮??Ľṹʧ?⣬?ı乫????˸?У??????ݶ????IJ????????棬????֧???????˸?У?ķ?չ???ø?????????Դ??????˸ߵȽ??????????Ǽ?ǿ???????????˸ߵ?ѧУ???ʽ?Ͷ?롢֧?֡???????˰?ռ??⣬????ǿ?????˸ߵ?ѧУ?ľ?????????֤???˸ߵȽ????г??Ĺ?ƽ????????????ʵ??ǿ????ʵ?????˸?У?ķ????????λ????ʵ?????????˸?У?ڰ?ѧ??Դ?ľ?ӪȨ??ʹ??Ȩ?ʹ???Ȩ?ȷ??棬?????빫????˸?У??ͬ??Ȩ???? ????6.??????˸ߵȽ????н???֯??Ӧ?Ĺ???ְ?? ?????????н???֯??ָ??????????ѧУ?????֮?䣬??ѭ????????ƽ?Ͷ???ԭ?򣬲?????ֽ???????ٽ???????չ?Ĺ?????????н???֯???????н???֯???????ֽ???????ᡢ??ҵЭ?ᡢ??ѧ???ϻᡢרҵ????ίԱ?ᡢѧУ???»ᡢ????ίԱ?ᡢԺУ???????ʸ???֤?????ίԱ?ᡢרҵѧ??ѧ??ȡ??????н???֯??Ҫͨ????????ѯ???????????顢?????ȷ?ʽ??????????????̣????Ļ??????????ƶ??????????Ŀ?ѧ???????????????ѳ?Ϊ?ִ?????????????һ?????ɻ?ȱ????ɲ??֡?????Ԥ???????ҹ?δ???Ľ????????????У??????н???֯??ռ??Խ??Խ??Ҫ??λ?ã??????淢????Ҫ?????á????ڳ??˽??????и߶?????ԺͶ????ԣ??㷺??͸?????????ĸ????????뾭?á????Ρ??Ļ????Ƽ???ҵ???ܽ????һ????ˣ??ڳ??˽????????г?ַ??ӽ????н???֯?????þ??Ե???Ϊ??Ҫ?? ???????ȣ?Ӧ??һ????ǿ???˸ߵȽ????н???֯Э?????????ţ???ǿ???˸ߵȽ?????ҵ??????ά?????˸ߵȽ?????ҵ?Ϸ?Ȩ???ְ?ܡ??˷???ְ?ܵľ??????ݰ?????һ?Ǿ???????????Ȩ??ί?У??????ƶ????˸ߵȽ?????չ?滮?????Dz????ƶ????޶??????˸ߵȽ????Ĺ??ұ?׼????ҵ??׼?????е???Ӧ????֯??ʵʩ???ලְ?ܣ????Dz?????˸ߵȽ?????ѧ?????ľ?Ӫ????????????飻???ǿ?չ????????˸ߵȽ????Ľ?????????????ǿ?չ???˸ߵȽ?????????ҵ?ȡ? ??????Σ??????н???֯?ۺ?Э????ְ?ܡ??н???֯???ۺ?Э??ְ?ܴ??°??????¼??????棺һ????????Э??????Э?????????????˸ߵȽ?????ҵ¢???뾺??????ƽ??Ч?ʡ?Ч???????????г??뻷???ȷ???Ĺ?ϵ?????Ǿ?Ӫ??Э????????˸ߵȽ????г?ռ?к?׼?롢??ѧ??ģ?ȷ????Э???????Ǽ?????Э????????˸ߵȽ????????֪ʶ??Ȩ???????µ?רҵ???γ̲?Ʒ?ͽ?ѧ???????ƹ??Լ?????ҵרҵ??Э???ȵȡ? ?????ٴΣ??????н???֯????ҵ?۸????Э????ְ?ܡ???????????г????????????????Ƶı????£???ǿ?н???֯????ҵ?۸????Э????ְ??Ҳ??????Ҫ???Գ??˸ߵȽ??????ԣ??????н???֯????ҵ?۸?Э???????ã?һ??Ҫ?ı??ȥ??????ͳһ???۵ķ?ʽ??????Ҫ??????ҵ???г????۵ļල???ã?????Ҫ??????ҵ?Թ??ڳ??˸ߵȽ????ı??????á?Ҳ????˵?????˸ߵȽ????н???֯?۸?Э??????Ҫְ?ܣ?????Ϊ?????????ṩ?۸???Ϣ????ѯ????ͬʱҪԼ????֯??Ա?ļ۸???Ϊ????ֹ??̧??ۺ??໥ѹ?۵???ҵ???Ծ?????Ϊ???ٽ???ѧ?????ļ۸???Ϊ???г??۸???????Э???͹?ƽ?????? ???????ģ???ǿ?н???֯????ҵ?ļල??????ְ?ܡ?һ??Ҫ??ǿ?н???֯?԰?ѧ??????ѧ?????ļල???ҹ????˸ߵȽ????İ?ѧ??????????????????ձ??ע??ڸ??????ˣ???ǿ?н???֯?԰?ѧ??????ѧ?????ļල?????ڱ??Ϻ???߳??˸ߵȽ???????????Ϊ???ȡ????ǽ????н???֯?԰?ѧ????????????ල???Ǿ?????ȥ???˸ߵȽ????????ܡ??졢????ɫ???ҵ???Ҫ?ٴ룬Ҳ?DZ?????????ල?????ԡ??????Ե???Ҫǰ?ᡣ?????н???֯?????????ʽ???????Ŀ?Ĺ?????????????ʵ???????з??Ӽල???ã?????????Ч???????????Ŀʵʩ???̵Ĺ??????????н???֯ͨ???԰?ѧ????????????????ල???ܹ????õ?Ϊѧ?????ҳ?????ѧ???????????????Ͷ?ʻ?????????????????????ѧ?????????֮???໥??ͨ?????????á? ???????壬??ǿ?н???֯?Ľ?????????ѯְ?ܡ??????????ǽ?????չ?Ĺؼ?????Щ?ش???????ߵ??ƶ????̷dz????ӣ?ԶԶ???????????????ŵ???????Χ????Ҫ????ҵ????ѧ???н???֯?ĸ?????ר??ѧ?߹?ͬ???룬??????????ѧ???ߡ????ڽ????н???֯?ܹ???ñȽ?ȫ?桢׼ȷ??????????ҵ??Ϣ???????Ϣ????˶??ڽ??????ߵĿ?ѧ???ṩ?˱??ϡ????⣬?????н???֯???????Ҳ????Ч??ֹ???˸ߵȽ?????????????־?͹??????????Ч;????Ϊѧ?????ҳ?????ѧ???????????????Ͷ?ʻ????ṩ??Ϣ??ѯ????ҲӦ??Ϊ???˸ߵȽ????н???֯????Ҫְ??֮һ?? ?????ο????ף? ????[1]????????21???ͳ??˽??????????Ƹĸ?ۻ??[J].???????˽?????2001, (6). ????[2]????㣮?ҹ??ߵȽ?????????ữ̽??[J].???ݹ?ҵ??ѧѧ??(????ѧ??)??2006, (3). ????[3]???飮?ߵȽ?????Դ????dz??[J].???ո߽̣?2009, (2). ????[4]?˼Ӿ????????ͣ?????ְ??ת?????ͻ?ơ?????У?ܰ????ġ?ȥ?????????ĸ?[J].????ѧ????2011, (2). ????[5]???ı??????????۽????н???֯?Ľ?ɫ??????[J].???ҽ???????ѧԺѧ????2011, (8). ??Դ??????????????????2013??6?? ???ߣ??ι?ȫ ???Ե?
???༭????ʦ????ְ??ʿ????
??һƪ??
?й?A???г?????ЧӦ?????????γɻ????о?  2014-08-08
??һƪ??
???ɱ???????ѧ˶ʿ??ʿ????????????ѧǩ֤??  2017-08-14
 
  ????????????
  ??վ֪ͨ????
  ??ְ??ʿ?????ʴ?
  ????/????ѧ??ѡ
  ????/????ѧ??ѡ